#ArcticChange2017  

11 - 15 décembre, Centre des congrès de Québec, Québec, Canada

Liste des sessions thématiques

CRYOSPHERIC, OCEANOGRAPHIC AND ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES

COA01. Glacier Change and Ice-Ocean Interaction

Co-chairs
Derek Mueller (Carleton University)
Luke Copland (University of Ottawa)

Arctic glaciers and ice shelves have undergone substantial changes in the last decade, including the production of numerous icebergs and larger ice islands. Understanding the changing dynamics of these cryospheric features can provide insight into the impacts and patterns of climate and oceanic warming in high latitude regions. There are currently many unanswered questions in this topic, such as whether glaciers will speed up or slow down in response to a warming climate, whether Arctic ice shelf losses can have upstream effects on glacier dynamics, and how recently observed Arctic sea ice losses are related to ice shelf breakup events. There is also a need for improved understanding of the impacts of these changes on northern infrastructure, such as the degree of risk ice islands pose to offshore oil development, and whether iceberg production from glaciers will impact northern shipping. This session will bring together recent research in these topics, and we encourage contributions from researchers working in field, modelling and remote sensing studies of all aspects of ice shelves/tongues, icebergs/ice islands, glaciers and ice caps.

COA02. Marine Cryosphere: Physical Properties and Processes, and Remote Sensing

Co-chairs
David Babb (University of Manitoba)
Ryan Galley (University of Manitoba)

The marine cryosphere is experiencing changes unprecedented in the Anthropocene. Advancing a system level understanding of thermodynamic and dynamic properties and processes within snow covered sea ice, along with their affects on ocean-atmosphere interactions is vital to quantify and assess the impact of observed changes. We propose a broad, interdisciplinary and international marine cryospheric session on physical aspects of, and processes within snow and sea ice based on observation, methodological development, or remote sensing. The conveners welcome papers which contribute to a fruitful discussion of Arctic sea ice and snow properties and processes from the smallest to the largest scales in space and time.

COA03. Quantifying Thaw Subsidence and Frost Heave in Permafrost Terrain - Bringing Together Multiscale Measurements and Implications for the Future

Co-chairs
Julia Boike (Alfred Wegener Institute, Potsdam, Germany)
Sofia Antonova (GIScience, Institute of Geography, Heidelberg University, Germany)
Philip Marsh (Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada)

In permafrost lands, the active layer is the upper layer of the ground which thaws and freezes seasonally. A fully water-saturated active layer in summer increases in volume during freezing in winter due to the decrease in density of ice compared to water. Cycles of excess ice formation in winter and loss in summer result in seasonal vertical movements of the ground in both directions, notably frost heave and thaw settlement (or subsidence). The magnitude of these movements depends on the ice/water content and distribution in the active layer. Measuring the magnitudes of these movements can in turn aid in estimation of ice/water content, which is one of the most important ground variables for permafrost modeling. Besides the seasonal thaw subsidence and frost heave, long-term and, likely, irreversible subsidence was observed in different permafrost regions by several studies which included in situ and remote sensing observations. This long-term net subsidence is likely explained by thawing of very ice-rich permafrost directly under the active layer and corresponds well to the observed warming in the Arctic during last decades. Methods for the detection and quantifying such ground movements include repeat in situ measurements such as thaw tubes, heave rods, differential global positioning system (DGPS) measurements and terrestrial laser scanning as well as remote sensing methods such as Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry and airborne laser scanning. These methods aim at different spatial scales, ranging from pointwise to the averaged over tens of square meters. Bringing the gap between these scales and perform a reliable validation of remote sensing observations is an essential task for the deep understanding of mechanism of subsidence and heave processes and predicting the future state of permafrost terains. This session proposes to bring together results of circum-Arctic observations on thaw subsidence and frost heave, and discuss the current challenges for these observations as well as possible strategies of combining in situ and satellite scales.

COA04. Periglacial Landscapes, Geocryology and Permafrost

Co-chairs
Michel Paquette (University of Montreal, Centre for Northern Studies)
Daniel Fortier (University of Montreal, Centre for Northern Studies)
Scott Lamoureux (Queen's University)

Polar and high altitude landscape development is linked with periglacial processes and with the development and degradation of permafrost and of ground ice. The processes involved often occur and operate at highly recurring (seasonal to annual) intervals, incrementally affecting the long-term (centurial to millennial) evolution of the periglacial landscape. In addition, the direction and intensity of earth surface evolution are strongly linked with climatic conditions, which govern the relative importance of processes affecting soil erosion and sedimentation, landform formation and destruction as well as ground ice growth and degradation. This session is dedicated to research focused on periglacial processes and azonal processes altered by periglacial conditions, all of which impact landscape development. It aims at covering a multitude of timescales, and at presenting research interested in earth shaping processes and conditions resulting either from recent and future climate changes or from past to present conditions. Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Frost action and periglacial processes
  • Patterned ground and periglacial landforms
  • Permafrost thermal regime
  • Ground ice development, distribution and characteristics
  • Permafrost degradation and thermokarst
  • Infrastructures and permafrost
  • Permafrost as an archive
  • Hydrological processes and drainage network development
  • Slope evolution
  • Quaternary conditions and deposits

COA05. Physical and Biogeochemical Processes in Arctic Shelf Seas

Co-chairs
Céline Guéguen (Trent University)
Zou Zou Kuzyk (University of Manitoba)
Robie Macdonald (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)

The linkages between land and ocean, and the roles of coastal shelf seas are key to understand and model the Earth system. The Arctic shelf seas, e.g. Beaufort Sea, Chukchi Sea, Hudson Bay, and Laptev Sea, are all strongly influenced by river discharges and coastal processes. Compared with open oceans, shelf seas have higher productivity and biogeochemical cycling activity, which are controlled by local processes, such as river runoff, coastal circulation, interactions with the continental shelves and, sea ice production and melting. Therefore, it is important to investigate the role that Arctic shelf seas play in linking the land with oceanic regions to better predict the whole Arctic Ocean ecosystem. The session seeks contributions from studies including, but not limited to, estuarine processes, terrestrial fluxes, remote sensing and productivity in the Arctic shelf seas.

COA06. Coastal Processes and the Vulnerability of Communities, Resources and Ecosystems

Co-chairs
Dustin Whalen (Natural Resources Canada)
Hugues Lantuit (Alfred Wegener Institut)

Arctic coastlines cover one third of the global coastline. These coastlines are changing faster than anywhere else in the world which has huge implications to coastal communities, resources and nearshore eco-systems. This session is aimed at bringing together new and exciting research on the processes and evolution of coastal change in Arctic Regions. What critical resources and infrastructure are at risk and how are vulnerable communities being affected. Furthermore, how does the coastal system react to the changing amount of organic matter and contaminants released to the nearshore zone and lastly can we predict the future, what will this vulnerable landscape and eco-system look like in the next century.

COA07. Atmospheric Processes and Interfaces in the Arctic

Co-chairs
Kaley A. Walker (Dept. of Physics, University of Toronto)
Emma Mungall (Dept. of Chemistry, University of Toronto)
Oleksandr Huziy (Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, UQAM)

Much of the physical and chemical activity in the Arctic atmosphere occurs at the interfaces with the sea ice, snow, ocean, and land as well as with the global atmospheric systems. These interactions and processes are complex and varied, but are also important to understanding the entire Arctic system. This session invites papers on the atmospheric interfaces and processes wherever they occur and on measurements, models and understanding of the fluxes across these atmospheric interfaces. Sponsored by the PAHA (Probing the Atmosphere of the High Arctic), NETCARE (Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments), CanSISE (Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution) and CNRCWP (Canadian Network for Regional Climate and Weather Processes) projects.

COA08. Cryospheric, Oceanographic and Atmospheric Processes – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

ARCTIC ECOSYSTEMS AND WILDLIFE

ECO01. Arctic Marine Primary Producers: Bloom Phenology, Production Estimates, and Biogeochemical Processes in an Era of Climate Change

Co-chairs
C.J. Mundy (CEOS, University of Manitoba)
Eva Leu (Akvaplan-niva, Norway)
Ane Cecilie Kvernvik (UNIS/University of Tromsø)

The Arctic's warming climate is driving an overall reduction in the extent and thickness of the sea ice cover, extending its melt season and delaying its freeze-up. It is also having an impact on the Arctic's freshwater budget and the distribution of water masses and their nutrients. These changes are having noticeable impacts on marine primary producers in the sea ice, water column and benthos of the Arctic, including shifts in species composition, phenology, range, and production. In turn, increased production is drawing down surface nutrient inventories, highlighting a feedback on the overall extent of primary production attainable in our northern high-latitude seas. Recent years have seen significant advances in our understanding of Arctic primary producers and the biogeochemical processes that influence their production, but our capacity to predict what will happen in a forecasted seasonal ice-covered Arctic Ocean is still strongly limited. For this session we invite field, experimental, and modeling investigations focused on ice, pelagic and/or benthic algae in the Arctic marine system.

ECO02. Arctic Marine Primary Producers: The Green Edge Project - Implications of Changing Spring Bloom Dynamics on the Arctic Ecosystem

Co-chairs
Marcel Babin (Takuvik, Université Laval and CNRS)
C.J. Mundy (CEOS, University of Manitoba)
Jean-Éric Tremblay (Université Laval)

Phytoplankton grow in the top tens of meters of both ice-free and ice-covered waters. The phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) that develops at the ice-edge accounts for >50% of annual primary production in the AO and is generally associated with both large energy transfer to higher trophic levels and export of carbon to the bottom. In turn, the culture, health and economic capacity building of Northerners are closely associated with marine resources supported by the PSB. The Arctic PSB develops in the seasonally-covered ice zone (SIZ), the extent of which is expected to increase significantly during the next years, possibly over the whole AO as early as in 2030. How the PSB will evolve in this context is currently unknown. Will it span over the entire AO and thereby make the AO ecosystems more productive? In contrast, will the ongoing modifications in physical properties of the AO limit the PSB and PP? How will biodiversity respond to and/or impact on those changes? To be able to answer these questions, it is necessary to understand with great details and quantitatively the physical, chemical and biological processes involved in the preconditioning, development and decline of the PSB. Since this is a transient phenomenon occurring in a remote, complex and harsh environment, such a detailed understanding has not yet been achieved. Green Edge field operations were conducted in the spring and early summer from an ice camp near the community of Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut in 2015 and 2016 and aboard the CCGS Amundsen in 2016 to 1) understand the key physical, chemical and biological processes governing the PSB, 2) identify the key phytoplankton species involved in the PSB and model their growth under controlled conditions; 3) track the fate of the PSB and related carbon transfer through the marine ecosystem; 4) document optical properties of seawater at the ice edge during the PSB, optimize ocean colour algorithms and primary production models; 5) reconstruct the dynamics of the PSB during past climatic transitions; 5) model PSB dynamics and predict its response to climate change; and 6) access the impact of predicted changes in marine productivity on Inuit food security. During this session, the international consortium of Green Edge researchers are invited to present results obtained over the four-year project, fostering discussion about the consequences of climate change on open-ocean ecosystems the Arctic.

ECO03. From Zooplankton to Fisheries: Arctic Marine Food Webs in Seasonally Ice-Covered Seas

Co-chairs
Louis Fortier (Université Laval)
Gérald Darnis (Université Laval)
Frédéric Maps (Université Laval)

Pelagic fish and zooplankton play a pivotal role in high-latitude marine ecosystems. They are key drivers of the transfer of energy from ice algae and phytoplankton to seabirds, whales and humans. Fish and zooplankton vertical migrations and feeding impact the biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nitrogen within the ecosystem.  Krill are crucial in the pelagic ecosystems of polar oceans by forming large aggregations attracting numerous predators and significant international fisheries.  The importance of fisheries in the circum-Arctic ranges from: the central basins with limited accessibility, low fish biomass and no significant fisheries; to regions with considerable subsistence and community-based commercial fisheries; through to some of the most productive and lucrative commercial fishing grounds in the world. The state of knowledge and monitoring of fish populations also varies greatly among regions. Arctic fish are ecologically, culturally and socio-economically important as illustrated respectively by the Arctic cod, a key species in high Arctic marine ecosystems; the Arctic char, inextricably linked to the economy and health of the Inuit; and the Greenland halibut, accounting for 25% of Greenland's export economy.  The role of fish and zooplankton-mediated processes remain poorly understood in polar seas but this information is essential for the development of proper ecosystem models of responses to on-going and projected shifts in light, temperature, sea ice and primary production regimes.  In addition, climate change impacts on high-latitude marine ecosystems and fisheries include geographic shifts in species distribution and abundance, modifications of predator-prey interactions, changes in phenology and species invasions. In this session, we encourage: contributions investigating the ecology, life cycles, behaviours and spatio-temporal distribution of zooplankton and fish including biogeochemical roles; studies of the physiology and behaviour of krill species from both the Arctic and Austral seasonally ice-covered seas;  submissions from scientists, fisheries managers and stakeholders from around the world to foster a broad discussion on fish and fisheries in the Arctic in all disciplines of marine, freshwater and diadromous fish.

ECO04. Studying Trophic Interactions in Arctic Ecosystems

Co-chairs
Jennifer Provencher (Acadia University)
David Yurkowski (University of Manitoba)

While Arctic food webs represent relatively simple systems as compared with temperate and tropical ecosystems, the long summer days and nutrient rich waters make the marine ecosystems of the Arctic a dynamic and productive environment for many of the species found in the region. From zooplankton to whales, Arctic marine species typically build lipid stores during the productive open water period and are interconnected through a suite of hierarchical trophic interactions which structure Arctic food webs. Importantly, Arctic food webs can differ across time and space, and this session will examine how trophic interactions can vary through these dimensions in the Arctic marine environment. Understanding this variation is critical to understand how perturbations from climate change and species redistributions to anthropogenic activities can influence food web interactions over multiple scales. This includes changing sea ice conditions with the extent of summer sea ice predicted to be almost negligible in the coming decades, and increased ship traffic or resource development in the region may influence animal behavior, movement and associated inter-specific interactions that underpin food web dynamics. This session will examine how Arctic marine food webs and associated inter-specific interactions are currently being studied, highlighting the implications of these results on current and future trophic dynamics in the Arctic. This includes tracking of wildlife to examine connectivity of sites and species interactions, use of biochemical tools to better understand energy flow throughout the system, as well as other interdisciplinary tools. The session will also highlight changing trophic interactions through space and time in relation to varying degrees of climatic and anthropogenic stressors (ex. changes in sea ice, shipping, pollution etc.).

ECO05. Pelagic-Benthic Coupling in the Arctic Ocean

Co-chairs
Christina Bienhold (Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research and Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology)
Catherine Lalande (Université Laval)
Nathalie Morata (Akvaplan-niva)

Pelagic and benthic ecosystems are strongly influenced by sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. As a result of increasing temperatures and sea-ice loss, the entire region is currently undergoing rapid changes with largely unknown consequences for the coupling between pelagic and benthic ecosystems. In this session, authors are invited to present results including but not limited to carbon export, fluxes of biogenic matter, carbon sequestration, benthic community structure and function, benthic oxygen consumption, and all processes related to pelagic-benthic coupling across the shelves, slopes, and basins of the Arctic Ocean. We are particularly interested in contributions addressing how climate change affects and will continue to affect these processes.

ECO06. Marine Biodiversity Discovery in the Arctic

Co-chairs
Philippe Archambault (Université Laval)
Evan Edinger (Memorial University)

Biodiversity research in the Arctic continues to uncover previously unknown populations, habitats, and species records, plus possible species new to science. Biodiversity discovery depends on a variety of new technologies from genetic analysis to remote operated vehicles. This session will highlight the discoveries of previously unknown marine biodiversity and biodiversity patterns in the Arctic, from microbes to marine mammals. Particular emphasis will be placed on discovery of biodiversity and ecosystem function patterns associated with Arctic biogenic habitats such as corals and sponges.

ECO07. Arctic Marine Mammals and the Complexity of Climate Change

Co-chairs
Melissa McKinney (University of Connecticut)
Steve Ferguson (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
Alysa McCall (Polar Bears International)

Arctic marine ecosystems are undergoing rapid change due to climate forcing, with many documented, as well other likely unknown consequences for marine mammals. Impacts include shifts in migration routes and phenology, habitat use, and predator-prey interactions including redistributions of marine mammal prey (e.g., Arctic cod) and predators (e.g., killer whales). Such ecological shifts may also exacerbate the risks to marine mammals posed by other stressors, such as exposures to environmental contaminants, plastics debris, parasites, and pathogens, ultimately impacting individual and population health. An increasingly warm Arctic also translates into increasing human use in a biome that has long been difficult to access. In this session, we aim to provide a platform for a broad range of studies highlighting how ecological changes are impacting pinnipeds, cetaceans, and polar bears across the circumpolar Arctic and sub-Arctic Seas. We encourage works relating such ecological changes to climate forcing, investigations highlighting novel species interactions, and those testing linkages to other key interacting environmental stressors that may exert adverse impacts on Arctic marine mammal populations. Studies integrating biological and physical sciences across spatial and temporal scales, both empirical- and model-based, and those incorporating local knowledge or new technologies, are welcome.

ECO09. Rapid Changes in Extreme Environments: the High Arctic

Co-chairs
Greg Henry (The University of British Columbia)
Warwick Vincent (Université Laval)

The High Arctic is the most extreme environment in the northern hemisphere. Warming in the region over the past 30 years is approximately twice the global average. Tundra systems show increased productivity and changes in species composition, including greater shrub cover. Although these terrestrial systems are underlain by cold, deep, continuous permafrost, thawing and disturbance is increasing and affecting sediments in freshwater systems. It contains the greatest cover of ice caps and glaciers (including Greenland) in the N hemisphere, but the loss of ice has accelerated. It has the shortest ice-free period of all sea ice dominated regions, and marine areas receive enormous amounts of freshwater from glacial melt. Given the rapid changes in this extreme environment, we propose a special session at Arctic Change 2017 that will provide an opportunity to review the ongoing changes and consequences for this unique region. We will invite 5-7 prominent researchers to present overviews of changes and consequences in the major components of the High Arctic system (climate, marine, terrestrial, freshwater, permafrost, glacial). A panel discussion at the end of the session will allow the audience to ask questions of all the presenters and to allow synergy among the speakers. The overview papers will be submitted as part of a special issue of the journal Arctic Science on the High Arctic, planned for 2018. We will also link the session to identified posters in the poster sessions.

ECO10. Climate Change Impacts on Arctic Freshwater Systems

Co-chairs
TBD

Climate models predict that, given current rates of greenhouse gas emissions, autumn and winter temperatures and precipitation are projected to rise substantially in Arctic regions. Such warming and wetting, coupled with extended growing seasons, is anticipated to greatly alter Arctic watersheds and impact freshwater ecosystems through increased glacial melt, permafrost thaw, altered surface runoff regimes, reduced ice cover and increased net primary production. This session will explore impacts of warming northern watersheds on freshwater processes and resources vital for securing food, clean drinking water and traditional lifestyles for Northern peoples.

ECO11. CAFF's Arctic Migratory Bird Initiative, a Flyway Level Approach to Conservation

Co-chairs
Jennifer Provencher (Acadia University)
Vicky Jonhston (Environment and Climate Change Canada)
Amie Black (Environment and Climate Change Canada)

Arctic-breeding migratory birds are a significant component of both northern culture and ecosystem health. The recent Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, delivered to the Arctic Council by the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna working group (CAFF), highlighted that Arctic breeding migratory birds were in significant declines in several regions, and due to the flyway-level movement of migratory birds, a large flyway-level conservation approach would be needed in order to improve their population status. The Arctic Migratory Bird Initiative (AMBI) was started by CAFF in 2015, and aims to improve the conservation status of Arctic- breeding migratory birds through flyway-level cooperation with Arctic and non-Arctic countries and partners. In 2015 AMBI was initiated under leadership from Canada, Norway, Russia and the US. Since this time the AMBI has helped to initiate projects on Arctic breeding migratory bird conservation in each of the four defined AMBI flyways (Americas, Circumpolar, African-Eurasian and East Asian-Australasian). Actions include the promotion of site protection status through local community engagement, integrating traditional knowledge and science for management planning, assessing illegal killing of birds in some regions and working with fisherman to estimate seabird bycatch rates. This session will bring together presentations from AMBI related projects across the four flyways, and work towards integrating lessons in conservation successes to be applied across the flyways. The session invites relevant oral and poster presentations, and will end with a facilitated discussion about flyway-level conservation of Arctic migratory birds. Other non-AMBI flyway-level conservation programs that use trans-boundary approaches to Arctic conservation will be accepted. Within this session we hope to spur on discussions in relation to the benefits and challenges of working in a trans-boundary conservation framework, and continue to seek collaborations and project synthesis mechanisms as AMBI continues under Arctic Council approval until 2019.

ECO12. Pagophilia in a World Without Ice: Ecology of Ice-Associated Wildlife in the 21st Century

Co-chairs
Kyle Elliott (Canada Research Chair in Arctic Ecology)
George Divoky (Friends of Cooper Island)
Christophe Barbraud (CNRS)

Ice provides a unique ecosystem for wildlife, as it creates an important boundary and platform that limits access of marine life to air while extending terrestrial species' access to marine life. Consequently, many unique species are ice-adapted, and pagophilia is a common feature of polar wildlife. As the extent and volume of global sea ice continues to decline, the importance of pagophilia will be an important component of the resilience of polar wildlife to change. The proposed session will use traditional knowledge, conventional wildlife biology and state-of-the-art bio-loggers to examine associations between ice and wildlife ranging from fish to marine mammals to seabirds, at scales ranging from days to decades. A number of important long-term datasets (up to 50 years) will be presented, and data from long-term studies of behaviour, physiology and demography will be combined to assess mechanisms linking ice with population-level processes. The session will be organized in a sequence that represents the expanding scales of study, from primary productivity and ice dynamics, to the behaviour and physiology of individual animals, and eventually to demography of multiple predatory species. The session will pay particular attention to what 'pagophilic' wildlife do when ice disappears. The session will be based on SENSEI (SENtinels of the SEa Ice), a three-year BNP Paribas Climate Initiative project begun in 2017, which gathers experts from both poles into a common framework for examination of ice-obligate species (23 co-investigators from 6 Polar nations). However, the session will expand beyond SENSEI and presentations are encouraged studying similar themes at either pole to provide a comprehensive examination of pagophilia in Arctic and Antarctic species from zooplankton to fish to predators. There is the possibility that BNP Paribas could sponsor a journal special issue dedicated to the topic.

ECO13. Arctic Marine, Terrestrial and Freshwater Ecosystems – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

ECO14. Arctic Wildlife – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

MONITORING, DATA MANAGEMENT AND MODELING

MON01. Marine Robotics Applications in Ice-Covered Environments

Co-chairs
Richard Mills (Kongsberg Maritime AS)
Nick Burchill (Kongsberg Maritime Canada Ltd.)

There have been many deployments of unmanned underwater vehicles (AUVs and ROVs) in ice covered environments. These include Arctic and Antarctic regions as well as ice covered lakes. Activities of under ice vehicles includes hydrographic and oceanographic survey, investigation and exploration of areas of scientific interest and commercial operations such as pipeline surveys. The platforms used include small man-portable autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), large deep water survey class AUVs, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and buoyancy powered gliders. The various vehicle types (AUVs, ROVs and gliders) are considered mature technologies by commercial manufacturers. For example, ROVs have been used in the oil and gas industry since the mid-1970s and AUVs have seen commercial survey operations for more than 15 years. Under ice operations have been limited, with the majority of activities conducted by research organisations. This session aims to investigate the methods of deployment, scientific requirements, payload sensors and results achieved. Other topics for discussion include the logistical challenges of operating from ice breakers compared to ice camp locations will also be discussed. The objective of the session is to discover new developments, identify challenges and promote best practise of the use of marine robotic platforms in challenging environments. Papers are sought from equipment manufacturers, commercial operators and scientific researchers to cover all aspects of underwater robotic platforms used in ice covered environments.

MON02. Environmental Monitoring and Autonomous Research Platforms in the Marine Arctic

Co-chairs
Jørgen Berge (UiT The Arctic University of Norway)
Asgeir Sørensen (NTNU Centre for Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems)
Paul Wassman (UiT The Arctic University of Norway)

Global temperatures have been rising during the last century, particularly in polar regions. At the same time, climate change facilitates enhanced pressures on the Arctic marine environment and its resources, both in terms of the activities supported, and in terms of their northern geographical extent. Reduction in Arctic sea ice coverage increases the accessibility to new areas for oil and gas exploration, opens new shipping routes, and allows a northward expansion of fishing grounds. A quantitative and mechanistic understanding of ecosystems and how natural processes (abiotic and biotic) and anthropogenic activities may influence these systems is important, and has received increased attention during the last decade from authorities, the scientific community and industry. The marine Arctic constitute a challenging environment for year round data collection, both for research and monitoring purposes. Darkness, low temperatures and sea ice restrict access for manned operations, resulting in a severe paucity in empirical data. This session will explore current and future platforms suitable for use in the Arctic, either in terms of as fully autonomous platforms or integrated observational networks capable of year round observation.

MON03. The Arctic Observing System: Canadian Priorities for Research and Instrumentation

Co-chairs
Maribeth Murray (Arctic Instititue of North America, Univesity of Calgary)
Soeren Rysgaard (Centre for Earth Observation, University of Manitoba)

The continued development of a pan-Arctic Observing System of Systems remains an important objective, as does cooperation in Arctic research - the latter most recently highlighted by the Arctic Council's May 2017 binding ""Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation"". Arctic observing is a key aspect of cooperation, informed by diverse needs and expertise. Observational data is needed by Arctic Indigenous people, for basic and applied scientific research, and by operational, government, Indigenous, and private sector organizations. Observing programs range from large scale remote sensing initiatives to downscale local studies and collect data on different components and aspects of the Arctic system. Observing initiatives engage a broad spectrum of the biological, health, physical, and social sciences, and Indigenous knowledge experts. The session invites papers focused Canada's contribution to the development of a sustained and integrated pan- Arctic Observing System of Systems that meets societal and scientific needs for information. The goal is to identify areas where Canada is well-positioned to advance observation and monitoring of the various bio-physical components of the Arctic system, and the needed infrastructures and instrumentation to ensure this. Contributions that highlight Inuit priorities are encouraged as are those that identify key scientific questions that can only be addressed through improved observation and where improvements are needed (scope, scale, data delivery, instrumentation, etc.), In addition, authors may consider: 1) strategies for leveraging existing and planned initiatives; 2) ways to support the development and sharing of infrastructure and instrumentation; 3) areas where Canadian efforts can or should be concentrated; 4) recent advances in observing technologies.

MON04. Advancing Data Sharing, Access, and Analysis for Understanding the Arctic

Co-chairs
Julie Fridell (Polar Data Catalogue/Canadian Cryospheric Information Network, U. Waterloo)
Paul Thompson (The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice)
Shannon Christoffersen Vossepoel (Research Data and Info. Svc., Arctic Institute of North America, U. Calgary)

As global progress is made in the policies, infrastructure, tools, and practice of effective data management, more Arctic data are becoming publicly available, and thus, increasingly accessible online. This wealth of newly-available Arctic data resources allows for greater data reuse and integration, leading to increased opportunities for understanding the various environmental, social, economic, and other changes occurring in northern regions. To realize this opportunity, however, new services and tools must be established to facilitate and simplify data sharing and access so that users do not have to struggle to find, combine, and analyse these data for new research and discovery. In this session, we invite presentations on sharing and integrating data to facilitate access, analysis, and understanding of the changing Arctic. We encourage researchers, data managers, and others interested in using public data to share their experiences, plans, and needs for enhancing data availability and reuse. Examples could include techniques for producing data in standardized formats to streamline archiving and subsequent sharing, establishment of interoperability functions at repositories for sharing metadata and data files, or researcher requirements for integrating disparate datasets for advanced analysis. Specific examples may include specialized web services or other sharing tools, data visualisations and interactive display, or analysis interfaces which allow data mashup or fusion to reach new conclusions from old data. Additionally, we invite presentations which demonstrate data analysis tools, not only for quantitative data but also for qualitative analysis of textual data from surveys, interviews, or other social science research.

MON05. Arctic Remote Sensing: Improving Arctic Monitoring of Sea Ice, Snow, Glaciers and Permafrost for Wildlife Preservation

Co-chairs
Benoit Montpetit (National Wildlife Research Center, Environment and Climate Change Canada)
Alexandre Langlois (Université de Sherbrooke)
Ludovik Brucker (GESTAR Center, Universities Space Research Association, NASA GSFC)

The Canadian arctic is currently going through very intense changes in landscapes and ecosystems. These changes have an effect on the local communities, industries and infrastructures. All those changes will have an impact on the arctic wildlife as well. The knowledge of arctic wildlife is continuously growing with the multiplication of scientific studies on the different species that live in the arctic. These studies focus mainly on the habits and behaviours of these species but the links between these behaviors and their ever changing habitats is yet unclear. Local studies give some insight on how the environment affects the wildlife but the Arctic is a vast territory that is very difficult to monitor with traditional localized methods. Remote sensing sensors like passive microwaves, visible, Synthetic Aperture RADAR and infrared sensors have proven very useful to monitor the environmental conditions of the arctic sea ice, snow, land ice and permafrost. These tools linked with the traditional knowledge from communities and localized studies can prove invaluable to understanding the behaviors of the arctic wildlife and helping decision makers with preservation policies. This session aims at sharing new results on remotely sensed geophysical environment parameters and their links to arctic wildlife survival and preservation and how it all affects the arctic environment, economy and communities.

MON06. Monitoring, Modeling and Predicting Arctic Biodiversity

Co-chairs
Dominique Berteaux (Canada Research Chair on Northern Biodiversity, UQAR)
Pascale Ropars (Canada Research Chair on Northern Biodiversity, UQAR)

The unique values of Arctic nature are increasingly discussed at high levels. In this context, the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council recently published the massive Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, a contribution from 253 scientists together with holders of traditional knowledge. This Assessment provides a much-needed synthesis of status and trends in support of decision-making and future assessments of Arctic biodiversity. It also highlights numerous knowledge gaps on biodiversity, at a time when many stressors are emerging from climate change and socioeconomic development in the Arctic. For example, terrestrial greening due to shrub encroachment, changing abundance of key herbivores, alteration of main ecosystem functions, and emergence of pest species outbreaks and zoonoses are observed throughout the Arctic. Yet very few sites in the Arctic are devoted to long term research and monitoring, and our observing capacity of Arctic ecosystems thus remains very low. Modelling of Arctic biodiversity, a critical ingredient of scientific understanding, suffers from a lack of data about some of the most important ecological processes. Despite these knowledge gaps, there is an urgent need to build scenarios of change for Arctic biodiversity, in part because many indigenous communities still rely on traditional food. This Arctic Change session will highlight the most recent research dealing with the monitoring of Arctic biodiversity, the modelling of populations and ecosystems, and our predicting capacities regarding the future ecological state of the circumpolar North. The session will encompass terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, will consider a variety of biological taxa, from plants to arthropods and vertebrates, and will cover several levels of organization including individuals, populations and ecosystems. Researchers, students, Inuit and Northerners, policy-makers, private sector representatives and the media should all find relevant information and ideas in these presentations.

MON07. Advancing Statistically and Dynamically Accurate Descriptions of the Physical and Biogeochemical State of the Ocean

Co-chairs
Dany Dumont (Université du Québec à Rimouski)
Fraser Davidson (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
Laurent Memery (Laboratoire des sciences de l'environnement marin, CNRS)

This session will highlight the work of major Canadian initiatives that are describing the physical and biogeochemical state of the ocean. The initiatives highlighted in the session will include the Canadian government led work on CONCEPTS (Canadian Operational Network on Coupled Environmental Prediction Systems); the Dalhousie University led Network of Centres of Excellence MEOPAR (Marine Environmental Observation, Prediction and Response); the international Green Edge project; and, others. Significant work has been undertaken by these initiatives which are complementary and together cross the spectrum of observations, modelling, predictions, and statistical and dynamic representations that can most accurately describe conditions of ice, physical and biogeochemical states of oceans. This session will link observations to models and will highlight the benefits in sharing observations and needs regarding observing system design. Efforts to describe the physical and biogeochemical state of Canada's north are particularly important in support of the ongoing Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP). The session will highlight the need for meaningful user engagement and stakeholder uptake of information with the demonstration of the Ocean Navigator as one such mechanism.

MON08. Climate Information for a Changing Arctic

Co-chairs
Ross Brown (Environment and Climate Change Canada / Ouranos)
Morten Olsen (Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate)

The rapid pace of climate change in the Arctic coupled with sparse observing networks and complex local-scale processes poses many challenges for providing climate information that meets decision maker needs. In many cases, Arctic communities are located in coastal areas with highly dynamic ice regimes and meteorology which are not resolved well in weather and climate models. This requires improvements in modelling key processes and the development and application of downscaling methods adapted for coastal Arctic environments. Another challenge is understanding user needs; information providers and users often speak different languages, and the development of a common understanding is a critical element in meeting user needs (Huard et al., 2014). The purpose of this session is to bring together climate information specialists and users to highlight progress and challenges in providing climate information to northerners that meets critical needs for decision making. For example, this session would be an ideal forum for assessing the ability of current observing networks and weather and climate models to provide useful climate information in the Arctic, and for users to describe key needs and challenges in applying climate information to meet local needs. We also welcome presentations that highlight the use of climate information in adapting to a changing climate. Huard, D., D. Chaumont, T. Logan, M-F. Sottile, R. D. Brown, B. Gauvin St-Denis, P. Grenier, and M. Braun, 2014: A Decade of Climate Scenarios: The Ouranos Consortium Modus Operandi. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 1213–1225. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00163.1

MON09. Arctic Monitoring, Data Management and Modeling - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

HUMAN HEALTH, WELL-BEING AND ADAPTATION

HUM01. One Health in the North

Co-chairs
Emily Jenkins (University of Saskatchewan)
Patrick Leighton (Université de Montréal)

In this session, we will focus on the human/animal/environmental interface in the North. This includes, but is not limited to, environmental and ecological determinants of health, emerging disease, sustainable wildlife populations, food security, and contaminants and pathogens that circulate among people, animals, and the environment. As One Health is by nature highly collaborative and requires diverse skill sets and perspectives, we anticipate participants from a broad range of disciplines, such as wildlife biology, veterinary medicine, human health, toxicology, and environmental sciences, as well as transdisciplinary participants including policy makers and community members. Presenters will be encouraged to translate their science for this broader audience.

HUM02. Contaminants in a Changing Arctic

Co-chairs
Jason Stow (Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada)
Simon Wilson (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme)

The Arctic is contaminated by globally transported pollutants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and mercury from source regions in heavily developed parts of the globe. Over time the sources of these contaminants have been changing (some decreasing, some increasing), which has had a measurable impact on temporal trends of contaminants in the Arctic environment, and many new chemicals with the potential to contaminate the Arctic have entered into commerce. These changes in pollutant sources, however, are being superimposed on an Arctic environment that itself is undergoing rapid climate related changes. Changes in the Arctic environment have significant implications for contaminants and the processes that govern their transport, biogeochemical cycling, and the levels to which they accumulate in Arctic wildlife, and ultimately humans. The environmental changes underway in the Arctic are putting wildlife under significant stress, and may push some species to the brink of extinction as critical habitats, such as multi-year sea ice, are lost, diminished or altered. Some of the most vulnerable species are also exposed to a mixture of contaminant, some of which exceed thresholds for toxic effects. In a weakened condition as a result of environmental stress, could these species become more sensitive to the toxic effects of contaminants? Meanwhile, Arctic Indigenous peoples who are also impacted by changes in their environment are experiencing significant socioeconomic and cultural changes. Among these changes are dietary transitions that often incorporate a greater percentage of market foods. What implications does this dietary transition have for human health and contaminant related risks? This session will explore the subject of contaminants in a changing Arctic environment under the following suggested topics:

  • Contaminant transport and pathways,
  • Biogeochemical processes and contaminant cycling,
  • Food web dynamics, including bioaccumulation/biomagnification,
  • Temporal trends and what's driving them,
  • Chemicals of emerging Arctic concern
  • Biological effects of contaminant mixtures and interactions with other environmental stressors,
  • Human health - including biomonitoring and exposure assessment, health effects, and risk/benefit assessment of country foods,
  • Social/cultural aspects of the contaminants issue in the context of a changing Arctic,
  • Possible scenarios of future Arctic contamination, and
  • Challenges and new approach

HUM03. Food Security in the Arctic - From Understanding to Action

Co-chairs
Chris Furgal
James Ford
Kristine McTavish

This Session invites presentations providing results from projects examining a broad range of topics related to Food Security in northern communities including, but not limited to:

  • how the issue is assessed and understood;
  • approaches to addressing Food Security via local or larger scale interventions;
  • relevant policies, education and communication initiatives; and,
  • the impacts of diverse stressors especially climate change.

Abstracts of research that examines these topics through a critical lens are particularly welcomed.

HUM04. Arctic Housing and Community Planning

Co-chairs
Mylène Riva (Institute for Health and Social Policy and Dept. of Geography, McGill University)
Geneviève Vachon (School of Architecture, Université Laval)

Sustainable housing and community planning in the Arctic is compounded by climate change and urbanization. The provision of affordable, adequate, suitable, accessible, culturally-appropriate, and safe housing for people across the Arctic is an important condition for well-being. There is a need for housing, public space and amenities, as well as biotechnical and sociocultural infrastructures designs and solutions that are suited to northern climate and environmental conditions, and to local lifestyles and cultural preferences. These will also have to be flexible and adapted to the demands of a rapidly growing population and a changing climate. The session proposed will aim to provide a space for dialogue and knowledge-sharing between different sectors, disciplines, and countries. It will cover a range of topics related to Arctic housing and community planning, for example: impacts on health social and economic well-being; vernacular architecture; climate change and infrastructures; settlement and landscape design; planning for an urbanizing Arctic; governance; methods and approaches in co-creating knowledge and co-designing habitat; best practices and lessons learned. The session will be structured to facilitate the sharing of views, approaches and methods as well as networking between research teams and community organisations.The session will be followed by a panel discussion with community leaders and policy makers. The organizers are responsible for two large partnership research programs in Nunavut and Nunavik : Dr. Mylène Riva, an Early Career Researcher based at McGill University leading the ""Housing, Health and Well-being across the Arctic: Regional, local and family perspectives"" project, and Dr. Geneviève Vachon, based at Université Laval leading the ""Living in Northern Quebec: Mobilizing, Understanding, Imagining"" project (http://www.habiterlenordquebecois.org/home).

HUM05. Arctic Housing and Community Planning – Panel session (participation by co-chair invitation)

Co-chairs
Mylène Riva (Institute for Health and Social Policy and Dept. of Geography, McGill U)
Geneviève Vachon (School of Architecture, Université Laval)

The Panel Session is by invitation only, and will follow the session(s) on "Arctic Housing and Community Planning". This Panel discussion will bring together community members, policy makers, architects and planners, as well as academic researchers from across the circumpolar North to discuss challenges and best practices around housing and community planning. Invited panelists would include (but are not limited to) representative(s) of: the Nunavut Housing Corporation, the Government of Nunavut - Department of Health, the Kativik Municipal Housing Bureau, the Kativik Regional Government, and the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). Key representatives from Alaska, Greenland, Russia and the Scandinavian countries will also be identified and invited."

HUM06. Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in the Arctic

Co-chairs
Tristan Pearce (University of the Sunshine Coast and University of Guelph)
James Ford (Priestley International Centre for Climate University of Leeds and McGill)

The last decade has witnessed a rapid development of research examining the human dimensions of climate change in the north. Increasingly, this scholarship is examining how climate change interacts with society, documenting impacts, adaptations, and vulnerabilities, and exploring opportunities for policy intervention. Research points to a number of challenges for arctic communities including access to resources important for subsistence, a shifting resource base, and traditional livelihoods under stress. Focusing on adaptation offers a proactive approach for managing climate-related risks, directs attention to the root causes of climate vulnerability, and emphasizes the importance of traditional knowledge regarding environmental change and adaptive strategies. An evidence base on adaptation options and processes for arctic regions is slowly emerging, building upon the traditional knowledge of Indigenous peoples and research which has examined what makes communities vulnerable and resilient to the impacts of climate change. This session welcomes papers that focus on the human dimensions of climate change in the Arctic. In particular, we are interested in papers that advance understanding of human adaptation to climate change - (e.g. empirically, methodologically, theoretically), engage with multiple types of knowledge (western science, traditional knowledge) and help us understand how peoples across the Arctic continue to experience and respond to climate change.

HUM07. Human Health, Well-Being and Adaptation – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE ARCTIC

SUD01. Extractive Industries and Sustainable Livelihoods in the Arctic

Co-chairs
Stephan Schott (Carleton University)
Dag Avango (KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden)
Thierry Rodon (Université Laval, Québec)

The objective of this is to better understand how the sustainability of local livelihoods is impacted by extractive industries and how the future well-being of communities that depend on extractive industries can be enhanced. This session will gather the researchers from three international research networks on extractive industries (MinErAL, REXSAC and ReSDA) and one ArcticNet project (Mining Economies, Mining Families) that conduct research on the socio-economic impacts of extractive industries on Arctic communities and try to envision a post-mining future for Arctic communities. Papers in these session will look at varying aspects of the relationship between extractive resource development and the sustainability of Arctic communities from a wide range of perspectives (political science, economy, history, geography, industrial relations, business and human development, law and anthropology). The session will provide for a comparison of experiences and approaches in different regions of the Arctic.

SUD02. Change and Sustainability in Coastal Resource-Based Communities in the Arctic

Co-chairs
Andrey Petrov (University of Northern Iowa)
Chris Southcott (Lakehead University)
Jessica Greybill (Colgate University)

This session will gather papers that are devoted to different aspects of sustainable development in coastal resource-based communities across the Arctic. Many coastal communities face dramatic changes associated with biogeophisical transformations in the ocean and on the land. At the same time, many also whiteness considerable social changes and challenges caused by resource development, especially extractive industries, both on and offshore. With coastal areas becoming more accessible, these challenges are likely to persist and exacerbate. The session will focus on communiy experiences approached from the positions of the integrated social-ecological systems analysis. How coastal resource-based communities can be sustainable in the transforming natural and social environments? To answer his question we bring together case studies from various parts of the Arctic by combining the efforts of several major research coordination networks: ReSDA, Arctic-COAST, and Arctic-FROST.

SUD03. Oil Spill Preparedness in Arctic Seas

Co-chairs
Casey Hubert (Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary)
Gary Stern (Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba)

With escalating marine traffic and potentially significant prospects of oil and gas development, the Arctic is faced with an increasing risk of petroleum pollution. Oil spills are one of the most serious threats to marine ecosystems, and thus they also affect northern communities' livelihoods. Drilling accidents like the Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico (2010) and the Marathassa oil spill in English Bay, Vancouver (2015) have highlighted the need for better preparedness for such events. Furthermore, decision-makers in government, industry and indigenous organizations face knowledge, policy and capacity gaps with respect to oil spill mitigation, especially for ice-covered, sub-zero temperature marine waters. Successful preparedness of oil spills in the Arctic is founded on several factors, including (but not limited to) the establishment of effective detection measures, response capabilities and regulations, and spill treatment products/practices. Each of these is presented with unique challenges in the Arctic environment. The current state of oil spill detection in ice-covered environments is limited to a few sensors with limited success, ultimately with no reliable one fit solution. Bioremediation, a mitigation tool involving naturally-present microorganisms, is a new but growing field of research, particularly in the Canadian Arctic. Given the multi-jurisdictional boundaries of Arctic spills, coupled with weakly-understood environmental effects and sensitive political implications of northern oil spills, although multi-governance frameworks are needed to address preparedness regimes, the management of such establishments require well-defined and dedicated resources. We invite you to join us in the discussion of issues surrounding oil spill preparedness in the Arctic. Presentations are invited on detection capabilities, impacts of oil to Arctic ecosystems, mitigation measures, capacity-building needs, management gaps and strategies, policy engagement and case studies.

SUD04. Toward a Strategy to Address Cumulative Effects of Rapid Arctic Transitions due Infrastructure and Climate (RATIC)

Co-chairs
Peter Schweitzer (University of Vienna)
Andrey Petrov (University of Northern Iowa)
Elena Kuznetsova (Norwegian University of Science and Technology)

The Third International Conference on Arctic Research Planning (ICARP III) identified Sustainable Arctic Development as one of its top priorities for Arctic research during the next decade. Three previous RATIC workshops have identified cumulative circumpolar effects of industrial development and climate change. This session will focus more directly on developing a coherent scientific strategy to address some of the most pressing issues. The session is open to papers across all realms of Arctic research including the Social and Human, Terrestrial, Cryosphere, Marine, and Atmosphere that seek an interdisciplinary forum to address infrastructure and climate-change related themes. It is planned that the RATIC session at Arctic Change 2017 will contribute to an over-arching strategy document which will be introduced by a panel discussion, followed by oral presentations to expand on the topic. We encourage oral and poster submissions from social scientists, permafrost scientists, hydrologists, terrestrial ecologists and remote sensing specialists, engineers, members of industry, educators, and local people with insights regarding the RATIC-related topics. We are particularly interested in papers that address any of the above themes with innovative approaches for the following:

  1. Quantification of cumulative changes related to infrastructure and climate within areas of development at several spatial scales over large regions.
  2. Case studies that quantitatively examine climate change, infrastructure change, and fragmentation of large intact ecosystems and effects to permafrost, hydrology, and ecosystems.
  3. Studies that examine the social drivers of infrastructure change, including economic, political, demographic, land-use planning, and technology-change aspects.
  4. Papers that address the cumulative biodiversity consequences of infrastructure and climate change.
  5. New adaptive management approaches that help predict and respond to the coming changes.
  6. Examples of the successful engineering or management solutions to address massive thermokarst or other catastrophic permafrost changes related to infrastructure and/or climate change.
  7. Models and other new tools that mitigate the placement of new infrastructure.
  8. The special situations of large urban centers and communities developed on permafrost terrain.
  9. Interdisciplinary approaches to examine change and adaptive management of change along corridors or hubs of infrastructure development.

SUD05. Megaprojects in the 20th and 21st Century Arctic and Subarctic: Impacts, Governance and Evolving Regulatory Practices

Co-chairs
Sabrina Peric (University of Calgary, Department of Anthropology and Archaeology)
Elise Ho-Foong (Savanta Inc)
Whitney Lackenbauer (University of Waterloo, St. Jerome's University, Department of History)

The importance of scientific management and large-scale interventions that negate the complexity of local natures and cultures is rarely considered in the context of the Circumpolar North. This session invites contributions that probe the history, politics and ethnography of megaprojects in the Circumpolar North in the 20th and 21st centuries - from the creation of conventional and ice road networks, to pipeline and mining projects, the building of dams, commercial agriculture, massive housing and resettlement initiatives, the construction of military bases, and even the construction of the Cold War's signature DEW (Distant Early Warning) Line. Further, megaprojects have had critical impacts on Indigenous people, the continued colonization of the North, as well as international politics. In addition, the evolution of the regulatory process around these projects has informed their development. As well, there is interest in drawing on the experiences of Environmental Assessment (EA) practitioners, regulators, and other agencies showing how theoretical regulatory goals are achieved in reality, leading to the development of best practices. In addition, the impacts of large-scale projects now need to be viewed in the context of Climate Change – particularly in the north. This session asks: what are the rationales, governance models, problems and long-lasting impacts of northern megaprojects? In what ways are megaprojects embraced, reformed or resisted by Northern residents? How has the regulatory process in the North evolved in response to these developments and the concurrent impacts of Climate Change? What kinds of new knowledge about the North and its people has emerged from as a result of these developments and their assessment?

SUD06. Developing an Arctic Framework for Tracking Socio-Economic Change through Internet Connectivity

Co-chairs
Victoria Herrmann (The Arctic Institute, Washington DC)
Mieke Coppes (Polar Research and Policy Initiative)

Over the past several years, there has been considerable investment, research, and implementation of broadband internet in the Arctic region, perhaps best showcased at the Arctic Boradband Forum in May 2017 at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Broadband will address critical needs for Arctic communities to support a diversified economy, education, public safety, and healthcare services. And yet, while there has been much progress over the past several years in physically connecting remote areas of the Arctic, there has been less movement on developing an evaluation matrix to benchmark and track the socio-economic improvements, or lack thereof, that come with connectivity. This session seeks to address that need by inviting presenters to share research, ideas, and case studies on tracking Arctic connectivity. Specifically, this session will seek to answer:

  • What hard and soft infrastructure is needed to optimize socio-economic and health co-benefits of fiber-optic connectivity? (i.e. a communal space for entrepreneurs; courses on Etsy for selling artwork and crafts; a safe space for online mental health counseling).
  • How can we measure the role of broadband and digital technologies in cultural preservation, empowerment, and self-determination of indigenous peoples across the Arctic, so that we can create supportive programming to buttress its organic benefits?
  • What qualitative and quantitative metrics can be developed to measure the economic, education, and health benefits of connectivity specific to the Arctic? And at what level should that focus, community, state, region?
  • How can we effectively document (1) technical (2) financial (3) community engagement and (4) policy best practices and lessons learned from connectivity for villages looking to connect in the future?

We invite researchers from all disciplines, educators, community champions, financiers, industry, and government officials from across the region to join our session for a set of presentations and multidisciplinary dialogue on creating metrics for measurement of tracking connectivity's benefits. The intent of this session is to create a whitepaper for circulation and the potential of a special peer-review journal issue, which will be open to everyone but will focus on submissions from early career scholars and Indigenous participants.

SUD07. Sustainable Development in the Arctic - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

COMMUNITY-BASED RESEARCH/KNOWLEDGE CO-PRODUCTION/INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE

CBIK01. A Focused Look at Traditional Knowledge Integration in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region

Co-chairs
Patrick Gruben (Inuvialuit Game Council)
Larry Carpenter (Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT))
Vic Gillman (Fisheries Joint Management Committee)

The Inuvialuit enjoy a special relationship with the land and water around them and from that relationship have fostered an invaluable base of Traditional Knowledge (TK). While its importance and utility is acknowledged, it has often proven a challenge at times to incorporate Traditional Knowledge (TK) into wildlife management decision-making. Since the signing of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA) in 1984, the Inuvialuit and government agencies have expended considerable effort to make the co-management process brought into being by the IFA work. The Inuvialuit approach to sustainable development and environmental management is rooted in the recognition of the role of both TK and science in decision-making. It is with the understanding that through the integration of TK into management practices for wildlife conservation, that a greater sense of empowerment and ownership of a decision is created on a community and regional level. Drawing from over 30 years of co-management experience, This session would aim to bring together all participants in the Inuvialuit co-management process from the community to the national level on their perspectives to discuss challenges, successes and share lessons learned. This exploration of different methods and formats used to bring TK into decision-making and policy, as well as some evaluation of their efficacy will be a valuable learning experience for anyone involved in co-management and working with indigenous peoples. By focusing on the Inuvialuit co-management process, this session will provide a unique, crosscutting view of the dynamic and lively discussion of how TK can be integrated under the bodies and processes developed under the IFA.

CBIK02. Because it's 2017. Research by and with Circumpolar Indigenous Peoples - Exploring Innovative Leadership and Approaches

Co-chairs
Pitseolalaq Moss-Davies (Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada)
Tom Sheldon (Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada))
TBD

Arctic research has commonly been carried out to address the national interests of Arctic nations such as Canada, the USA, Denmark, and Russia. A diverse array of research topics have been pursued, mostly driven by academia and governments, including through numerous international partnerships. Recently, a primary focus has been to study climate change and the role of the Arctic region as a driver of change globally. University and government scientists as well as Inuit organizations have documented the extent and intensity of land and ocean use by Inuit and their detailed knowledge of the environment, including, but not limited to, animal behaviour and biology, particularly of harvested species. Approximately 160,000 Inuit spanning across the four countries of Russia, the United States, Canada, and Greenland are represented through the Inuit Circumpolar Council, while Inuit are amongst approximately 400,000 Arctic Indigenous peoples across the eight nation states that comprise the Arctic Council. Not only do Indigenous peoples who are separated by national boundaries share family, cultural, and historic ties, but they also rely on the same ecosystems as neighbouring Indigenous communities - Inuit in Greenland and the Baffin region of Nunavut are a specific example of this. From a scientific research perspective, the eight nations of the Arctic Council have now formally recognized the importance of relationships across international boundaries - this is reflected in the binding Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation, signed at the Fairbanks Arctic Council Ministerial meeting, on May 11, 2017. It is against this long-standing Indigenous reality across international boundaries and the newly developed scientific cooperation landscape that we explore innovative leadership and approaches to research across Indigenous territories. Indigenous-led or co-led research is now being emphasized as a means to equip Indigenous communities and society to address the numerous crises and issues affecting Indigenous communities in their respective regions. Researchers, Indigenous organizations, and decision-makers are invited to submit proposals to this session to showcase innovative Indigenous-led or co-led research that is emerging internationally, how it has been achieved, as well as the anticipated and actual outcomes that allow for shared Indigenous priorities to be addressed and equity to be achieved.

CBIK03. Arctic Change as Seen Through the Eyes of Indigenous Guardians

Co-chairs
Trevor Bell (Memorial University of Newfoundland)
Michelle Slaney (Memorial University of Newfoundland / Future Earth Coasts))
TBD

This session is intended to explore not only the changes witnessed by Indigenous Guardians (land observers), but how these observations are assembled, recorded and used in local decision-making. Within Canada, there is a growing number of community-to-regional scale observations or 'watchmen' programs, whereby Indigenous peoples monitor and document change in order to better manage and protect their waters, lands and territories. Different regions/communities have adopted different decision-making processes and practices, some of which emphasize Indigenous Knowledge, some combine both IK and scientific data, while others adopt multiple ways of knowing within a geospatial framework. Bringing together Indigenous Guardians and stewards with different perspectives on Arctic change and approaches to observing and documenting such changes will provide an opportunity to share practices and provide valuable insights on decision-making frameworks that incorporate multiple ways of knowing.

CBIK04. Co-Producing Knowledge of Wildlife Important for Subsistence in a Changing Climate

Co-chairs
Sonja Ostertag (Freshwater Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
Lisa Loseto (Freshwater Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada))
Tristan Pearce (University of the Sunshine Coast)

This session focuses on the co-production of knowledge of arctic wildlife important for subsistence and its role in co-management. Arctic ecosystems are undergoing rapid change due to climate change and other environment and human-driven forces. These changes have implications for arctic wildlife, and in turn, resource (co)-management Boards for many species that Inuit depend on for subsistence. Local and traditional knowledge and observations often provide longitudinal and holistic knowledge of arctic wildlife. More recent wildlife monitoring and assessments offer additional species-by-species knowledge. Building understanding of complex problems like climate change impacts in the Arctic requires collaborative research including the integration of multiple ways of knowing, which can result in the formation of "communities of learning" for the co-production of knowledge. Knowledge co-production refers to the "collaborative process of bringing a plurality of knowledge sources and types together to address a defined problem and build an integrated or systems-oriented understanding of the problem" (Armitage et al. 2011). Overall, knowledge co-production and the social learning that it entails have relevance for natural resource management, conservation, and human adaptation in the Arctic. This session welcomes papers that focus on an aspect of knowledge co-production of arctic wildlife important for subsistence. Papers should describe the process (opportunities, challenges, future directions) of knowledge co-production including the documentation and integration of Inuit local and traditional knowledge and observations in natural resource management, conservation and/or adaptation decision-making.

CBIK05. Strong Research Communities – Research Developed for and by the North

Co-chairs
David Scott (Polar Knowledge Canada)
TBD

This session will highlight projects where northern communities played a strong role in the research process and created new knowledge for the Canadian Arctic as well as the other circumpolar regions. The importance of encouraging research projects driven and designed by northern communities, conducted with local participants, resulting in new knowledge products for communities will be highlighted. It will also be explored what northern communities can offer to the research process, such as how the co-design of research, where western science and traditional knowledge is collected together and used as equal ways of knowing, results in an innovative new type of knowledge. Successes and lessons-learned in strong community research will be discussed as a way to encourage leadership in local communities to propose and led research studies, and encourage the consideration of traditional knowledge and western science into new ways of knowing.  

CBIK06. Community-Based Research as a Circum-Arctic Strategy for Sustainable Adaptation Planning

Co-chairs
Louis-Philippe Roy (Northern Climate Exchange, Yukon Research Center, Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada)
Alevtina Evgrafova (University of Bern, Faculty of Science, Bern, Switzerland)
Elena Kuznetsova (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway)

Sustainable adaptation planning is a priority for northern regions facing the impacts of climate change in the context of resource development and rapid social transformation. However, establishing a baseline understanding of environmental systems in the face of ongoing climate change is a challenge to researchers in Arctic and Subarctic regions. To understand and develop plans for adapting to future climate change impacts, we must monitor elements of the environment, particularly those of importance to Northerners, who are observing and living through change. Community-based research is being embraced as a tool to both better understand change and identify adaptations, while engaging communities in the research process and outcomes. Combining scientific and traditional knowledge is critical to understand, respond to, and adapt to the changes in the Arctic. However, creating a bridge between natural and social science researchers, engineers, policy-makers and traditional knowledge holders in northern communities can be challenging. For these reasons, this session aims to focus on community-based projects throughout communities across the circum-Arctic regions in order to learn from Arctic researchers, engineers, policy-makers and community members, as well as to define key findings from interdisciplinary Arctic research, in particular research bridging scientific and traditional knowledge.  

CBIK07. Iqqaumajauninga - ᐃᖅᑲᐅᒪᔭᐅᓂᖓ: An Inuit Research Legacy for Inuit Nunangat (participation by co-chair invitation)

Co-chairs
Andrew Dunford (Nunavut Tunngavik Inc)
Shannon O'Hara (Inuvialuit Regional Corp)

The ArcticNet Inuit Advisory Committee (IAC) would like to present their final deliverable for the project titled Iqqaumajauninga - ᐃᖅᑲᐅᒪᔭᐅᓂᖓ: Creating an Inuit Research Legacy for Inuit Nunangat. Presentations will focus on the development of an Inuit legacy on research. Project overview: Over the past two years, the ArcticNet Inuit Advisory Committee has been working towards creating an Inuit vision on research. This project involves 3 phases: an Inuit-specific workshop to discuss the future of arctic research, and to develop a set of Inuit-specific criteria to be included in the ArcticNet evaluation. This phase has been completed, and the criteria has since been approved by the ArcticNet BoD. The IAC is currently prepared to engage in the ArcticNet evaluation (phase 2), which is scheduled to begin soon. Phase 3 of the project involves the writing of a final Inuit legacy on research paper. This document will then be distributed to Inuit partners, research institutions and Inuit regional/community organizations. The IAC would like to present this document at the last ASM in December 2017. Rationale: Meaningful engagement of Inuit in research is an on-going and primary objective, which must continue as a guiding element for Arctic research going forward into the future. This is only one but vital part of an Inuit-driven legacy and it is the hope of the Inuit Advisory Committee and Inuit as a whole. The IAC feels it is important for researchers attending the ASM to not only hear the Inuit vision during plenary, but to be participants in the creation of that vision. ASM participants (both Inuit and non-Inuit researchers) have attended IAC-led topical sessions over the past two years, where they were able to voice their vision and be part of the creation of an Inuit Legacy for Inuit Nunangat. 

CBIK08. Community-Based Research and Knowledge Co-Production – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here. 

CBIK09. Indigenous Knowledge - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here. 

ARCTIC NAVIGATION, GEOPOLITICS AND SECURITY

NAV01. Access and Use of Weather, Water, Ice and Climate Information for Safe Arctic Navigation

Co-chairs
Gita Ljubicic (Carleton University)
Jackie Dawson (University of Ottawa)

In preparation for the Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP), the Polar Prediction Project Societal and Economic Research and Applications working group (PPP-SERA) recently engaged in a scoping exercise to explore how weather, water, ice and climate (WWIC) information is currently being used and produced in the Polar Regions, by whom, and for what reasons. In this process, one of the gaps identified was in understanding WWIC use in various human activities in the Polar Regions. These may include, but are not limited to, hunting and travel by Indigenous communities, industrial activities associated with resource extraction in the Arctic or transit of commercial vessels, tourism operations of all sorts (cruise ships, pleasure yachts, adventure tourism), search and rescue operations, government and research operations, and/or military enforcement. There appears to be a wide range of WWIC information available to support diverse aspects of arctic marine navigation, but how these are accessed or are influencing decision-making and operational practices is largely unknown. Therefore, more research is needed that considers the context in which marine activities take place in the Polar Regions, and how WWIC services are used. It became clear that for WWIC services to become more salient, they need to be tailored more precisely to decision practices of different users, in content and well as in format and interface. In an effort to better understand these issues in a Canadian Arctic context, we seek submissions for this session from researchers, decision-makers, community members, Indigenous experts, operators, and others who regularly access and use WWIC to make decisions around arctic navigation. We would like to learn of diverse regional experiences with what kinds of WWIC information is sought out, how this is accessed (with what technology or equipment), and what is desired in terms of greater access or more tailored products. In particular, we hope to learn about how people assess the reliability and relevance of WWIC products, including what constraints, abilities, risk perceptions and decision-making contexts affect how information is accessed and used. 

NAV02. Coordinating Governance Regimes in the North American Arctic: Canada-US Cooperation for Safety, Security, and Stewardship in the Maritime AOR

Co-chairs
Rebecca Pincus (US Coast Guard Center for Arctic Study and Policy (CASP))
Desmond Raymond (Transport Canada)

This Session, co-chaired by Canadian and US representatives, will explore the multitude of ways that the Arctic maritime governance regime is coordinated across the Canadian and US Arctic regions. This effort was given further impetus in the 2016 Canada-US joint statement, which established a joint effort ""work together to establish consistent policies for ships operating in the region"" and stressed safe shipping, protection of important ecological and cultural areas, coast guard cooperation, and a science-based approach to oil and gas. An example of the close and effective partnership can be seen in the robust planning for the 2016 Crystal Serenity transit, during which Canadian and US authorities worked together to ensure a seamless handoff of responsibility as the ship transited from US into Canadian waters. This experience, as well as more examples of Canadian-US partnership for maritime safety in the Arctic, will be discussed during the proposed panel. Partnership in the remote and challenging Arctic maritime realm benefits both Canadian and American citizens, and enables more efficient implementation of shared objectives. Collaborative efforts exist at the domestic, bilateral, and international levels to harmonize governance and ensure safe, secure, and environmentally responsible ship traffic in the North American Arctic. This Session hopes to provide an overview of Canadian and US actions within domestic regimes and initiatives, through contributions to international organizations and fora, and through a robust bilateral partnership. Co-Chairs welcome presentations exploring North American perspectives on building strong Canadian-US cooperation in opening Arctic waterways through partnerships between responsible agencies on both sides, including Transport Canada, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Canadian Coast Guard, the Royal Canadian Navy, the US Coast Guard, and the US Departments of Homeland Security and State.

NAV03. Understanding the Impacts of Arctic Shipping and Maritime Traffic: from Plankton to People

Co-chairs
Jackie Dawson (University of Ottawa)
Alain Dupuis (Department of Fisheries and Oceans)

Associated with climate-driven changes, the Arctic has received significant interest in resource development, trade and tourism activities, which has led to increases in marine vessel traffic. Over the past decade maritime traffic through the Northwest Passage has increased by more than 75% and total kilometers traveled by all vessel types has more than doubled. The fastest growing vessel type has been pleasure craft (yachts) followed by research vessels, tugs, and government ice breaking. In general, trends indicate there are now more ships including an increase in very large vessels as well as small private vessels transiting Arctic Canada. Collectively, these vessels are traveling further, staying longer, arriving earlier and staying later in the season. Aside from the risk of accidents and contaminant spills, increased vessel traffic has the potential to significantly contribute to a number of existing stressors currently experienced in the Arctic. Increased maritime traffic also has the potential to bring economic development and sovereignty-related opportunities. Abstracts touching on a variety of shipping related issues in the Arctic are invited in this session, including: aquatic invasive species, ice-breaking activities on biodiversity, noise impacts on marine mammals, concerns identified by northern communities, economic development potential, the development of low-impact shipping corridors, concerns to specific conservation areas and governance and management innovations.

NAV04. Investigating the Arctic Seabed: Geohazards, Navigation and the Record of Environmental Change

Co-chairs
Patrick Lajeunesse (Université Laval)
Mark Furze (MacKewan University)

A special session devoted to Arctic seabed mapping and marine geology whereby oral and poster presentations describe seabed research activities and the relevance of the investigations to geohazards, coastal infrastructures, navigation and climate change. Issues to be considered for the session include mapping technologies, navigation charting, benthic ecosystems, mass-movements and geohazards, glaciers and glaciation, methane seeps, paleoclimatology and paleoenvironments, evolution of sea-ice and the geological history of the seabed.

NAV05. Arctic Disaster Risk Reduction

Co-chairs
Anne Garland (Applied Research in Environmental Sciences Nonprofit, Inc.)
Liane Benoit (Benoit and Associates)

The Arctic Risk Management Network (ARMNet) is conceived as a trans-disciplinary hub to encourage and facilitate greater cooperation, communication and exchange among American, Russian, and Canadian academics and practitioners actively engaged in the research, management and mitigation of risks, emergencies and disasters in the Arctic regions. Its proposed aim is to assist regional decision-makers through the sharing of applied research, best practices, research gaps, and to support greater inter-operability and bilateral collaboration through improved networking, joint exercises, workshops, teleconferences, radio programs, and virtual communications (e.g., webinars). Most importantly, ARMNet is to facilitate a clearinghouse for all information related to the management of the frequent hazards of Arctic climate and geography in North America, including new and emerging challenges arising from climate change, increased maritime polar traffic and expanding economic development to build capacity for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in collaboration with the UNISDR and the Sendai Framework 2015. Based on feasibility studies in 2015-2016 with the US Embassies of Canada and Russia, the constituency will include northern academics and researchers who apply Arctic science for DRR research, Arctic-based corporations, First Responders (FRs), Emergency Management Offices (EMOs) and Risk Management Offices (RMOs), military, Coast Guard, northern police forces, Search and Rescue (SAR) associations, boroughs, territories and communities throughout the Arctic. Presentations are invited on the results of the feasibility study among Arctic DRR stakeholders, the Embassy Reports' recommendations, procedures for a clearinghouse using an ecosystem model, and plans for a Research Coordinator Network.

NAV06. The Northwest Passage and Geopolitical Change (participation by co-chair invitation)

Co-chairs
Michael Byers (University of British Columbia)
Lawrence Cannon (Global Affairs Canada)

Social scientists and policy-makers have focused attention on how climate change is leading to increased shipping in the Northwest Passage. They have studied the environmental, economic, security and human impacts of sea-ice melt, maritime traffic, and associated risks such as oil spills and the accidental release of invasive species. Less attention has been devoted to the possible effects of geopolitical change on the Northwest Passage, the potential for increased shipping, and the longstanding dispute between Canada and the United States over the legal status of that waterway. This session will consider the possible effects on shipping in the Canadian Arctic of: (1) New tensions with Russia; (2) The rise of China as a political, economic and shipping superpower; (3) The change of government in the United States. What new challenges and opportunities are likely to emerge as a result of these changes? Bringing together Inuit leaders, shipping executives, former government officials, and academic experts, this session will expand the existing set of research questions-and begin to provide answers.

NAV07. Arctic Navigation – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

NAV08. Arctic Geopolitics and Security - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.

REGIONAL APPROACHES FOR THE CIRCUM-ARCTIC

REG01. Hudson Bay - Research and Community Linkages

Co-chairs
Lauren Candlish (Centre for Earth Observation Science)
David Barber (Centre for Earth Observation Science)
Zou Zou Kuzyk (Centre for Earth Observation Science)

This session is intended to showcase the current and ongoing research within Hudson Bay marine region. The theme will be the integration of research with the communities and the linkages between the different aspects of the programs. The Hudson Bay Integrated Regional Impact Studies (IRIS) chapters will be presented in addition to initial results from the BaySys regional study. All programs and studies within Hudson Bay, James Bay, Hudson Strait and Foxe Basin are invited to submit to this session. 

REG02. TUKISIK - Understanding Nunavik: Collaboration Between Researchers and Local Residents Committed to the Study of the Arctic Socio-Ecological System

Co-chairs
Najat Bhiry (Université Laval)
Armelle Decaulne (Laboratoire LETG - Campus du Tertre, Nantes (France))
Laine Chanteloup (Laboratoire GEOLAB - UMR 6042, Université de Limoges (France))

Adjusting to global climate change and socio-environmental change has become a major issue for societies, especially in the Arctic. The Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing regions on the planet and Inuit communities in particular are facing many challenges. First and foremost, the Inuit are concerned about their future and wish to better understand the changes currently underway. Nunavik is a 507 000 km2 area located in northern Quebec, Canada, between 55° and 63°N. It has a population of approximately 12 000 people (most of whom are Inuit) who live in 14 coastal communities. We seek input from representatives of the various programs that have been established in this region and that collaborate with northern communities. These programs are committed to the study of the cumulative impact of global climate and socio-environmental changes and to the development of adaptation measures for improving the wellbeing of Inuit communities. One of the regional research programs is ""TUKISIK"", which stands for ""understanding together"" in Inuktitut (or OHMI-Nunavik http://ohmi-nunavik.in2p3.fr/). It is a scientific collaboration between the Kativik Regional Government (KRG), the Nunavik Research Centre (Makivik Corporation), the inter-institutional Centre d'études nordiques (CEN) (based in Quebec City) and several research institutions in France coordinated by CNRS. In 2013, a team of academics and local Inuit partners joined forces to develop an integrated, interdisciplinary and collaborative research program. Using a participatory action research approach, TUKISIK has set the following research priorities: youth-elder knowledge transmission, circumpolar agriculture, food security, Inuit culture, language and identity preservation, protected areas, mining employment, natural hazards and risks, landscape transformation, wildlife vulnerability, renewable energy, training, and capacity-building. The session invites submissions on how global developments and climate-related changes impact ecosystems and communities in Nunavik and encourages early career researchers, representatives of various indigenous communities, and stakeholder groups to participate in an lively discussion. In particular, we welcome submissions from people who live in the Arctic to share their perspectives and narratives about how recent changes have impacted their lives. 

REG03. ‘Tracking Change’ - Building Local Capacity to Understand Change

Co-chairs
Brenda Parlee (University of Alberta)
Leon Andrew (Sahtu Renewable Resources Board)

The ‘Tracking Change’ research program, guided by the Mackenzie River Basin Board’s Traditional Knowledge Steering Committee, has supported community-based research in eight sub-basins and 22 communities of the MacKenzie River Basin. Although this system is characterized by seasonal and annual variability, elders and active fishers have documented new kinds of ecological change which falls outside what communities consider natural norms. This Session invites presentations that offer insights about indicators of relevance to communities for ongoing tracking of combined social and ecological change in the Mackenzie River Basin and similar freshwater ecosystems in the Circum-Arctic. These indicators could include spatial and temporal distributions, community observations of changing water levels, flow and water quality as well as observations of change in the abundance, distribution and condition of valued fish species. In addition, presentations of research taking a networked approach to documenting and sharing local and traditional knowledge, providing basin-wide perspectives of ecosystem change or showing synergistic relationships with previously documented local, traditional and scientific knowledge and data, is encouraged. Presentations are welcome that address: Understanding Change through Local and Traditional Knowledge, Communities Responding to Changes in Freshwater Ecosystems, Lessons Learned and Best Practices Documenting Social and Ecological Change in Freshwater Ecosystems. 

REG04. Adapting to the Changing Arctic - Findings and Recommendations from the Three AMAP Regional Assessments

Co-chairs
Peter Outridge (Geological Survey of Canada)
Mickael Lemay (Laval University)

Rapid change in the Arctic climate is occurring concurrently with local social, economic, cultural and political changes, which are often driven by regional environmental impacts as well as by global or national socio-economic imperatives. Thus a multitude of complex, interwoven challenges face Arctic families, communities, industries and governments. It is often difficult to adapt appropriately to multiple simultaneous challenges with diverse causes, especially in small communities with limited resources available for adaption. The Arctic Council of Ministers initiated the Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic (AACA) process to better define and evaluate the interacting challenges that Arctic peoples face, and to provide information and advice to northern communities and governments about tools and strategies for successful adaptation. In this session, we will present and discuss the findings of the three AACA regional assessments - for the Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort (BCB) region, involving northwest Canada, the USA (Alaska), and Russia (Chukotka); the Baffin Bay - Davis Strait (BBDS) region (Nunavut and western Greenland); and the Barents Sea region (parts of Norway, Russia, Finland and Sweden). ArcticNet's western and eastern IRISs were major parts of the Canadian contribution to the BCB and BBDS reports. The assessments describe current regional environmental and socio-economic conditions, global and regional drivers of change, and the human impacts, resilience and adaptation responses to this change. Possible new approaches to adaptation planning, governance, and community engagement are presented that could improve the prospects for successful adaptation to future changes. 

REG05. Regional Approaches for the Circum-Arctic - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here. 

EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION, POLICY-MAKING FOR THE ARCTIC

EDPOL01. Education, Outreach, and Communication: How Can We Make Northern Research and its Outcomes More Relevant to the People Who Live There?

Co-chairs
Jolie Gareis (Simon Fraser University)
Pippa Seccombe-Hett (Aurora College)

Some of the lasting legacies of the International Polar Year (IPY; 2007-2009) include an increased involvement of northerners in research and the improved communication of research and results back to northern residents and stakeholders. Projects taking place during the IPY years boosted local community participation in northern research, and brought renewed recognition to the importance of traditional knowledge and the effectiveness of community-based monitoring programs. In the years since IPY, northern residents and Indigenous and Inuit governments have continued to press researchers to consult with communities, incorporate community priorities, meaningfully include local residents in all project stages, and effectively communicate their research and results. Increasingly, funding agencies, politicians, and researchers themselves have recognized the importance of this approach, resulting in a fundamental shift in the way that research is practiced in the north. There is also a role for the research community to support knowledge translation and engagement of youth and northern community members in all phases of the research process. This is a critical step to improve educational opportunities so that northern youth can be equipped to lead and participate in future research taking place on their homelands. The purpose of this session is to discuss education, outreach and communications initiatives in northern research, and to share best practices and success stories. Examples of community engagement, knowledge mobilization and knowledge exchange in Canada's north will be featured. These examples may include either formal educational initiatives at any level (pre-K through post-secondary) or informal extracurricular activities, or combinations of both. We also welcome presentations that link northern science and research to on-the-ground education, policies, and public awareness. This is not limited to presentations by research scientists; we also welcome presentations by northern residents and organizations. If you are presenting your research findings at the 2017 Arctic Change conference, we encourage you to also submit a poster abstract highlighting the ways that your team is communicating their research and results back to the people living in your study area. 

EDPOL02. Northern Education and Outreach: Accomplishments, Opportunities and Challenges

Co-chairs
Frédéric Bouchard (INRS-ETE and Centre d'études nordiques/Centre for Northern Studies)
Caroline Coch (Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research)
Ashley Rudy (Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University)

Scientific education and community outreach are now an integral part of the way we conduct and think about science. Special activities dedicated to the transfer of knowledge from local people and scientists to the public are important to improve awareness and knowledge of Arctic related research. One of the several tasks awaiting scientists in our increasingly complex world is to make science fun, inspiring and important in day-to-day life, to both northern and southern populations. This session will bring together scientists, educators, artists, stakeholders, local community or international organization representatives and everyone interested in northern science communication. We welcome past, present and future contributions reporting on a broad spectrum of outreach activities, e.g., web-based and/or classroom-based communication strategies, artistic projects, field courses, community based research, etc. We particularly encourage Early Career Researchers and people from local communities to use this forum to share ideas and reflect on existing outreach strategies.

EDPOL03. Honoring the Spirit and Intent of Land Claims Co-Management in the Canadian North

Co-chairs
Jamie Snook (Torngat Wildlife, Plants and Fisheries Secretariat)
Katlin Breton-Honeyman (Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board)
Vicki Sahanatien (Nunavut Wildlife Management Board)

There are 26 comprehensive land claims agreements in Canada that describe processes for the co-management of lands, wildlife, plants, and fisheries in Indigenous territories. Co-management regimes cover the Canadian Arctic and form the foundation of wildlife management in all four regions of Inuit Nunangat. This session provides an opportunity to explore the state and evolution of these co-management structures, and to contemplate the benefits and challenges of conceptualizing Wildlife Management Boards as a decision-making network that can contribute to Arctic change adaptation, and further self-determination of and reconciliation with Indigenous communities. The session invites abstracts from researchers, policy makers, and co-management practitioners with either a collaborative research approach or direct experience with Wildlife Management Boards, to present critical perspectives on co-management successes, how the Boards perform in times of stress and adaptation, and how co-management processes may be enhanced. In recognition that wildlife and fish cross jurisdictional boundaries and that Arctic regions struggle with similar socio-ecological issues, we invite forward looking analyses that conceptualize Wildlife Management Boards as a network of co-management boards across the Canadian north. We are interested in examples of successful co-management networks that currently exist, and how we might build on them to create opportunities for enhanced collaboration. Further, we are interested in examples of actions that can inspire policy change resulting from co-management recommendations and decisions in the Canadian Arctic. 

EDPOL04. Arctic Council, International Scientific Assessments and Informed Decision-making

Co-chairs
Sarah Kalhok Bourque (Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada)
Maya Gold (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
Carolina Caceres (Environment and Climate Change Canada)

In their May 2017 Declaration, Arctic Council Ministers made recognition of "the importance of scientific assessments and projections to informed decision-making in the Arctic, incorporating as well traditional and local knowledge". Several Arctic-focused international assessments and reports have recently been completed under Arctic Council Working Groups such as the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), and Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME). Each assessment and report represents a major undertaking, bringing together scientific leaders and other key experts from several countries, organizations and institutions to collaboratively synthesize the latest information to provide a comprehensive understanding of major issues of concern in the Arctic, including on climate change, adaptation, contaminants, biodiversity and more. These assessments also aim to bridge the science to policy gap, by providing evidence-based advice and recommendations for consideration at all levels (local, national, international). What are the key findings of these international assessments and their recommendations, and how has our understanding of certain issues advanced as a result? How are traditional and local knowledge incorporated in the assessment process, and is there room for improvement on that front? What are the benefits of carrying out international collaborative scientific assessments? Are these assessments effective in informing decision-making processes and influencing the ultimate decisions and actions? What follow-up initiatives are under way or required? This session invites relatively high-level presentations covering major Arctic-focused international scientific assessments and reports, with a focus on their contributions to our understanding of major issues facing the Arctic, as well as reflections on their process and impacts. 

EDPOL05. Education and Communication – Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here. 

EDPOL06. Policy-Making - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here. 

INTERNATIONAL ARCTIC RESEARCH COLLABORATION

INT01. New International Arctic Science Cooperation Agreement: Enhanced Cooperation to Advance Data and Knowledge Sharing

Co-chairs
David Scott (Polar Knowledge Canada)
TBD

With the recent signing of the Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation at the Arctic Council Ministerial meeting in May 2017, new opportunities for the development and dissemination of Arctic science with key players will be facilitated. The Agreement will enhance the current sharing of scientific data and access to research facilities, as well as facilitate the movement of people, samples and equipment across borders for the purpose of conducting research, while encouraging the use of traditional and local knowledge that benefits Northerners. Polar Knowledge Canada is responsible for implementing the Agreement for Canada and will present an overview, focusing on opportunities and the approach to increase international cooperation in the Canadian Arctic. International presenters will discuss opportunities for partnered science in Canada to increase active collaboration with Canadian researchers.  

INT02. Amundsen Science: 15 Years of High-Calibre Arctic Research and Continuing

Co-chairs
Alexandre Forest (Amundsen Science, Université Laval)
Louis Fortier (Amundsen Science and ArcticNet, Université Laval)

Since its maiden voyage in 2003, the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen has been mobilized for science on average 150 days every year in support of national and international research programs. The ship's facilities and sophisticated pool of equipment make it a unique and versatile platform for scientists in the natural, social and health sciences, as well as for their collaborators from government, industry and northern communities. By providing unprecedented access to the Arctic seas to an impressive number of multinational teams and by fostering knowledge exchange between disciplines and sectors, the Amundsen contributes to the development of new research initiatives aimed at increasing our understanding of northern environments. This session aims to be a gathering for Canadian scientists and their international collaborators to celebrate around the research accomplishments of the Amundsen. We invite scientists and professionals from all horizons that collected data from the ship to present their works. Primary focus should be on project synthesis, multidisciplinary integration, and long-term time-series acquired across the Canadian Arctic. Examples include reviews of salient results from the large-scale projects that used the ship as science platform, synoptic studies that link environment changes to physical, geochemical or ecological processes, as well as studies using mooring and ship-based time-series and the models they support. We also invite leaders of upcoming projects to be carried out from the Amundsen to provide an overview of their science program and future work at sea.  

INT03. Arctic Cooperation in Action - the UK-Canada Arctic Partnership, 2017 Bursaries Programme: Aims, Results and Next steps

Co-chairs
Henry Burgess (Natural Environment Research Council Arctic Office)
Leah Braithwaite (ArcticNet)

To further international co-operation in Arctic Science - a Bursary Programme has been established to support UK-based researchers in joining Canadian-led projects in the Arctic. The aim was to build strong international partnerships; bring new skills, equipment and approaches to Arctic research; and to maximise the impact of already strong research teams. UK-based researchers from 18 different teams have benefitted from the Bursary Programme, involving a very broad range of research areas, geographic locations, infrastructure and assets and Canadian partner organisations (ArcticNet, POLAR, PCSP, Ocean Networks, numerous universities, Canadian Coastguard and many others). This session will provide the opportunity to:

  • understand the origin of the programme and how it was built
  • see its role in wider UK-Canada polar cooperation
  • hear directly from a number of Bursary recipients and their Canadian partners on how the process worked and their activity and initial findings from the 2017 Arctic season
  • consider the opportunities for this as one helpful model for future international collaboration
  • evaluate the successes and challenges of the Programme

This session will be of interest to: UK-based Bursary recipients and their Canadian partners; policy-makers from Canada, the UK and elsewhere considering this kind of approach; community representatives and indigenous rights holders; and many others.

INT04. International Research Collaboration - Other

Abstracts that do not fit under any of the specific sessions listed in this category should be included here.